The Federal Highway Administration (FHWA) recommends implementing the following five components to ensure a comprehensive SRTS program. They are often referred to as the five E's.
The Kentucky SRTS Program Application requires applicants to show how these five components will be addressed in their proposed SRTS project. A comprehensive project will include all five components. For more detailed information, please see the Kentucky SRTS Program Guidelines.
Engineering - Creating operational and physical improvements to the infrastructure surrounding schools that reduce speeds and potential conflicts with motor vehicle traffic, and establishing safer and fully accessible crossings, walkways, trails and bikeways. Engineering describes the design, implementation, operation and maintenance of traffic control devices or measures. Most infrastructure projects fall within this category.
Education - Teaching children about the broad range of transportation choices, instructing them in important lifelong bicycling and walking safety skills and launching driver safety campaigns in the vicinity of schools.(Lesson plans and activities are available on this website to help teachers promote the SRTS program in their classrooms.) Education activities are often closely associated with encouragement strategies. Education is not only about children, but teaching the community about traffic laws an other safety issues that can affect your SRTS program.
Enforcement - Partnering with local law enforcement agencies to ensure traffic laws are obeyed in the vicinity of schools (including enforcement of speeds, yielding to pedestrians in crossings, and proper walking and bicycling behaviors), and to initiate community enforcement such as crossing guard programs. Also includes gathering community members together to promote safe walking, bicycling and driving. Examples of this include safety awareness and education. The members of the community should work together to enforce rules for pedestrian and bicyclist safety, as well as driving. This contributes to a safer environment for children to walk or bicycle to school.
Encouragement - Events and activities to promote walking and bicycling. (International Walk to School Day is an example of an activity schools can participate in.) These activities are about having fun and generating interest in walking and bicycling. Encouragement activities often go hand in hand with education activities as they work together to promote walking and bicycling. They also help build a SRTS program and assist in moving a program forward because they build enthusiasm.
Evaluation - Monitoring and documenting outcomes and trends through the collection of data both before and after the intervention. (Surveys and other evaluation tools and information are available on this website.) Evaluation is key in any SRTS program because it determines if the strategies employed are meeting expectation and assure resources are being directed toward efforts showing the greatest likelihood of success.